Crater lakes often seem majestic, one-of-a-kind, and enigmatic. The Crater Lake is formed by the explosive activity or collapse caused by a volcanic eruption. It is created once water fills the depression created inside the crater rim. Water can be obtained from precipitation, groundwater circulation (often hydrothermal fluids in volcanic craters), or dissolved ice. The levels go up whenever the rates of incoming and outgoing water reach equilibrium.
Here is everything you will know in this guide:
- A background history of Crater Lake
- 8 Stunning Crater Lake attractions
A background history of Crater Lake
Volcanic crater lake basins create cavities formed by ejected magma. All around the world, small volcanic crater lakes (maars) and large ones (calderas) can be discovered. Caldera lakes enter large craters created by the collapse of a volcano throughout an explosion, whereas Maars lakes occupy medium-sized craters created by an explosion that placed debris around a vent.
Whenever a volcano erupts, rain and melting snow occupy the crater or caldera that can also feed the lake. The breakdown of a volcanic crater and the surrounding property forms a caldera. In some instances, the volcano remains productive, with vents beneath the lake producing gases that could cause the water to have become acidic and incompatible with sustaining life. A meteor can however lead to formation of lakes or, in one case, a nuclear weapon test in Kazakhstan. These are also referred to as crater lakes.
8 Stunning Crater Lake attractions
These are some of the many Stunning Crater Lake Attractions around the world:
1. Crater Lake, Mount Mazama
A well-known crater lake in Oregon, United States, located in the caldera of Mount Mazama. It is also the deepest lake in the United States, with such a depth of 594 meters (1,949 ft). A large prime volcano, a cascade range, and an elevation of 2,486 meters. Mazama’s suspenseful explosion has been recorded to around 6,845 years ago using radiocarbon dating, or around 7,700 years ago using dendrochronology.
2. Kelimutu Crater Lake
Flores Island, Indonesia is where you’ll find it. There are three different colored volcanic crater lakes in the lake. The Kelimutu crater lakes have been shown to be enigmatic in their own right. Each one of the 3 bodies of water is at the top of Indonesia’s Kelimutu. One used to be white and was regarded as the bewitched lake, Ata Polo in the local language. It has turned a dark brown color. Another one of the lakes was once red, but now it is aquamarine or turquoise in color.
3. Taal Lake
Taal Lake, also recognized as “Bombón Lake” in the past, is the Philippines’ comparable to Oregon’s famous Crater Lake, as it occupies the caldera of a huge prehistoric volcano. Manila is only thirty miles away. Because of its spectacular views, Taal Lake on the Philippine island of Luzon is among the region’s major attractions. The lake fills a huge volcanic caldera created by huge eruptions between 500,000 and 100,000 years ago. It covers an area of approximately 234.2 km².
4. Quilotoa Crater Lake
It’s the westernmost volcano in Ecuador’s Andes, with the largest crater lake. Its two-mile-wide caldera, with its green and turquoise-colored lake, creates a breathtaking view. The crater lake is 250 meters deep, and its distinctive color is caused by dissolved volcanic minerals from previous eruptions. Volcanic activity formed the crater in the 13th century AD, and it has remained dormant for much of Ecuador’s history. Nonetheless, fumaroles can be found on the lake floor, and several hot springs can be found on the eastern rim, indicating that the lake is still active geologically. The Ilinizas Reserve is also located in the azure water of the crater lake (which includes the Ilinizas Twin Peaks volcanos).
5. Crater Lake, Mount Pinatubo
Lake Pinatubo, Mount Pinatubo’s summit crater lake, created just after the volcano’s climactic explosion on June 15, 1991. The lake is in Botolan, Zambales, close to the Philippine provinces of Pampanga and Tarlac. This is about 90 kilometers northwest of the capital city of Manila. With a land area of 183 hectares and a ground elevation of 900 meters. This is a top hiking location in the Philippines and among the most strong active volcanoes of the twentieth century.
6. Lake Tritriva
The region of Vàkinankàratra is placed in southwest-central Madagascar, near the village of Belazao. This is only 15 kilometers from Antsirabe and can be reached via National Road 34. Swimming is not authorized in this lake due to the strict Fady. It has a mean depth of approximately 80 meters and a surface elevation of 1,950 meters. Lake Tritrivia is a beautiful natural site worth visiting while in Antsirabe.
7. Deriba Crater Lake
In Sudan’s Darfur region, the above lake is a Pleistocene or Holocene caldera. This is one of the volcanoes of the Marra Mountains, placed on the Darfur dome, and its volcanism, like those of the Tagabo Hills and Meidob Hills, may be caused by a mantle plume. Deriba Caldera is a geologically young volcanic framework in Darfur, Sudan’s western region, placed just at highest point of Jebel Marra at an elevation of 3,042 m (9,980 ft).
8. Yak Loum Crater Lake
Is a popular tourist destination in northeastern Cambodia’s Ratanakiri province. The beautiful lake is located approximately 3 miles (5 kilometers) from the provincial capital, Banlung, and is located in a 4,000-year-old volcanic crater. It’s maximum depth is 157 ft. The lake almost creates a perfect circle.
Again and again if we ever visit a Crater lake we should always follow the rules. As we appreciate the beauty of Crater Lakes we should also put in mind that they once had a blast history before they were created. In addition, as a visitor, we must be responsible as we visit places like crater lakes. We must not throw out trash anywhere and we must preserve and protect not just the Crater lake itself but also the wildlife in that place.
Crater Lakes might look beautiful and dangerous at the same time but never forget that it is one of the best creations in this world. It is also helpful to boost the tourism in your place or area.