What Is a Bamboo Plant?
Bamboo, scientifically known as “Bambusa spp.,” is indeed a perennial shrub that is native to the Family poaceae. There are over 1,500 varieties of Bamboo Plants and it is widely used in outdoor areas for screen at the borders or to add a tropical aesthetic to gardens. It is a cane growth type that can reach from 6 feet to 100 feet tall, depending on what type of variety. It is an extremely fast growing group of plants with some species growing as much as 1 foot per day and has a tendency to escape and spread borders or fences.
Bamboo Plant Care Instructions
1. Location for your Bamboo Plant
The Bamboo Plant is relatively grown in most conditions but the best condition to grow it faster is to put it where it receives most of the sun. It’ll look great as a centerpiece in your yard, bringing shape, motion, and elevation to your fence or borders, as well as providing a screening or windbreak. It’s important to know that it’s an incredibly quickly growing plant with a variety of variants, including running and clumping forms, which necessitates proper space for its site.
2. When to plant
Though Bamboo plants can be grown at any time of year, it is best to do this in the spring since the soil is highly nutritious that will help the freshly planted Bamboos grow fresh, lush canes during the summer.
3. Soil and Water for your Bamboo Plant
Bamboo plants may grow in a wide range of soil types, but the best soil for them is one that is well-drained, alkaline, and sandy loams. But if you have a heavy, clay-type of soil, you can put gravel or grit when planting.
Bamboo plants require constant watering, and it is advisable to moisture it freely throughout the first growth cycle during normal weather conditions, and more frequently during summer days, such as 3-4 times a week. Ensure that the plants have sufficient drainage to prevent floodwaters at the root area, which will cause the Bamboos to cultivate slowly.
4. Feeding and Mulching Your Bamboo Plants
Bamboo plants multiply rapidly and can become invasive if you nurture them too much. If you plan to use it as a screen to your area and want to constrict its root, it will not be recommended to fertilize your plants. But if you choose to feed your plant, general all purpose fertilizer will do that is high in nitrogen content or a slow-release multipurpose fertilizer on top of the soil for at least 1 foot. You can put one in early spring and another one in summer.
Mulching your bamboo plants might serve to keep soil moisture content and maintain a consistent warmth from around roots. You can mulch at least 2 inches away from the canes to prevent different types of diseases.
5. Containing or Pruning your Bamboo Plants
Bamboo plants, depending on the plant species you grow, can indeed be invasive and spread across your boundaries if it is not carefully controlled. It is recommended to make a physical constraining barrier and root pruning to your plants. The trench for the barrier container should be at least 2-4 feet below and 3 inches above the topsoil.
Root pruning should be done regularly to prevent dead, damaged and spindly canes of your plants. This will also help your plants to grow healthier as it opens up space for more light and air. Root pruning can be done bi-annually in spring and autumn. You can trim your adult bamboo plants to make them appear proportionate and realistic by pruning some of the lateral branches and cutting some canes on top.
Yellowing and falling Leaves- this is normal as the plant is in constant process of renewing its leaves. However, if you notice a large number of leaves turning yellow, this could be due to a shortage of fertilizers, bad soil, or under/over moisture. Make sure that you are watering the plants sufficiently especially during the growing season. You have to also check the draining system of your plants. You can replant and add grit to the soil to improve drainage.
I hope this article on Bamboo plants will be useful and will help you with your plant. They truly are a great choice and a gorgeous addition to your garden space, bringing a breath of fresh air and aesthetic decor that will spruce your outdoor greenery.