Do you wonder about what was in your mug and where it comes from before you sip your daily coffee with its inviting smell and pleasant flavors? The ordinary coffee user could go to a cafe or boil a kettle at home every now and then, but unless you’re a coffee connoisseur, you know that the possibilities for creating fantastic coffee at home are virtually unlimited.In this article, you will be learning everything about coffee plants!
Coffee plant is a member of the Rubiaceae botanical family, which is one of the largest in the plant kingdom. Ethiopia, notably the Kaffa district, is home to the coffee plant. It was discovered by Kaldi, a teenage goatherd, according to folklore. Coffee plants are now cultivated in over 70 countries, primarily in Central and South America, Africa, and the caribbean islands of Southeast Asia. The plants and seeds display significant variations, making precise classification difficult.
The coffee plants develop to be medium-sized trees in their natural habitat. Growers, on the other hand, prune the plants on a regular basis to keep them at a reasonable size, especially when the plants are kept indoors. White flowers bloom on the plant, which are followed by red berries or “cherries” that carry seeds. The “beans” wherein the coffee beverage is prepared are the seeds of the berries.
There are two main types of the coffee plant, “Arabica and Robusta”.
Arabica Coffee Plant
Coffea arabica, often known as Arabian coffee, is a flowering plant belonging to the Rubiaceae family, which includes coffee and madder. It is thought to be the first species of coffee to be farmed, and it is now the most popular cultivar, accounting for over 60% of global production.
In temperate areas, it is cultivated as a houseplant with well potting soil. Meanwhile indoors, it requires intense light and high humidity, while it loves moderate shade outside. Also it plants in nutrient-rich, well-drained soil. From late spring to early summertime after 3-4 years, little white fragrant blossoms will arise.
Inside your home, the coffee plant Coffea arabica is an unusual sight. To ensure that the plants produce fruits in the first place, it is critical to ensure that they are properly cared for.
Robusta Coffee Plant
Robusta coffee belongs to the genus canephora (scientific name is: Coffea canephora). This is the second most popular coffee in the world, so if you’re a coffee lover – it makes sense that you’d want to know all about it. Robusta trees develop to be robust trees with shallow root systems that can reach a height of 10 meters. Robusta coffee plant trees are more resilient, can withstand temperatures as high as 29°C and are distributed across the world. Robusta coffee is characterized by a bitter taste, from neutral to bitter. The taste of Robusta is not appreciated by Arabica in terms of purity, natural aroma.
Robusta trees develop to be robust trees with shallow root systems that can reach a height of 10 meters. Robusta coffee trees can withstand temperatures as high as 29°C and are distributed across the world.
Health Benefits of Coffee
1. Coffee drinkers Lives Longer:
Coffee consumption significantly reduces all-cause death in women, lowering the relative likelihood of dying to around 0.85 for those who drink three cups per day.
2. Weight Loss:
To begin with, due to the high calorie content of coffee with a lot of cream and sugar, it will do little to help you lose weight or avoid diabetes. However, black coffee, espresso, coffee with a small quantity of milk, or a green coffee bean supplement all appear to aid weight loss and diabetes prevention. Both decaffeinated and caffeinated coffee were shown to be equally effective in the research mentioned above.
3. Increases Alertness
Caffeine is a well-known catalyst that has been shown to increase attentiveness in people. It does so because it energizes the central nervous system while also controlling blood pressure and intestinal tract activities. Moreover Caffeine stimulates your nerves and causes adrenaline to be released as soon as it is spread throughout your body. Adrenalin is the major neurotransmitter that regulates your energy and alertness levels.
The coffee plant (Coffea arabica) is a low-maintenance plant with glossy green foliage and a compact growth pattern, the plant is a lovely small specimen. It makes an excellent potted indoor plant. Coffee plants can be grown indoors and outdoors, so you have options whether you live in a small apartment or have a sprawling backyard. If you choose to grow it inside, make sure not to put it in an area of direct sunlight, as it prefers diffused sunlight.